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The underrated stock survey! Submit your picks for the community to track

Following on the previous tracking post (http://redd.it/i2mmzg) and the highly upvoted request from DJ-Ascii , I've set up this post for another round of underrated or undervalued stock picks.
As before, let us know what stock you believe is underrated and a consistent winner that has done well for you, or you believe will do well going forward.
In order to make this easier to track please use the following guidelines for submitting.
  1. Only one submission per comment. You can make multiple comments, but please only submit one stock per comment.
  2. Please include at least the ticker and the company name. Feel free to explain why you think this is a good stock.
I'll add these new picks alongside the old survey so as to update you on each portfolio over time. Don't worry about any overlaps.
Edit 1: I've compiled everyone who has posted so far, but I'll look out for any final additions tomorrow. The list will then be locked EOD on Friday the 7th of August, and all prices will start from there.
Edit 2: All picks have now been locked down and consolidated into the list below. Stocks are sorted in alphabetical order of their company name and the ID corresponds to the approximate order in which they were submitted. The next update will be in 30 days.
ID Company Symbol Provided by Upvotes 8/7/2020
194 10X Genomics Inc TXG Unlucky-Prize 1 $96.13
111 1ST TR EXCHANGE/NASDAQ CEA CYBERSEC CIBR komoggmu321 1 $35.40
176 2U Inc TWOU DickDaddy 1 $41.49
110 AAR Corp. AIR paulo92834 4 $18.77
180 ACM Research Inc ACMR moveitover 1 $101.92
23 Activision Blizzard, Inc. ATVI Mondanivalo 12 $82.47
8 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. AMD ArneGo, apqwer, LoveOfProfit 13 $84.85
28 Ageagle Aerial Systems Inc UAVS fishkillr 16 $3.26
205 Agraflora Organics International Inc AGRA spreeshark 1 $0.05
22 Air Canada TSE:AC priamXus 0 $15.73
19 Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ALXN fisk47 39 $103.28
70 Alibaba Group Holding Ltd - ADR BABA helio987, ScreeMart, Necessary_Club_6714 -1 $252.10
17 Ally Financial Inc ALLY jcurtis44 1 $21.47
24 Alteryx Inc AYX Kme2 30 $121.38
222 Altimmune Inc ALT Spes-Caritas 1 $27.38
117 Altria Group Inc MO ARGENT_UM_PUR, gm14202 1 $42.17
143 American Tower Corp AMT editviewgo 1 $257.61
175 American Water Works Company Inc AWK InfamousLegato 1 $149.79
183 Anglo Asian Mining LON:AAZ krenaldi1 1 $161.50
129 Aphria Inc APHA Aprhria, Bdghablig 1 $4.47
119 Apple Inc. AAPL tcldstnvdw -1 $444.45
184 Ares Capital Corporation ARCC ThemChecks 1 $14.87
54 ASML Holding NV ASML EthosPathosLegos, earthmoonsun 15 $366.07
113 Atlassian Corporation PLC TEAM shadowrckts 1 $170.93
224 Avalara Inc AVLR nomdeplume_alias 1 $122.71
244 Axon Enterprise Inc AAXN ansofteng 1 $83.88
150 Aytu Bioscience Inc AYTU Bkzkilla2, beefy-ambulance, subaruveganguy22 2 $1.38
236 Banco Bbva Argentina SA BBAR GAV17 1 $4.23
128 Bank of America Corp BAC oobydoobydoobydoo, wrs97 2 $26.11
247 BELLUS Health Inc BLU NhatNguyen2112 1 $2.74
29 Berkshire Hathaway Inc. Class B BRK.B Jeroen_Jrn, Cuza 31 $209.48
45 Best Buy Co Inc BBY 1madeamistake 2 $102.90
35 Beyond Meat Inc BYND Kreisensalat, Flipside 8 $131.51
33 BlackBerry Ltd BB mh1t, EthosPathosLegos 25 $4.84
208 Blackline Inc BL veebeew 2 $79.26
196 Booz Allen Hamilton Holding Corporation BAH i_smel_hookers 1 $84.67
75 Boston Beer Company Inc SAM Top_Island 2 $825.79
114 Brainstorm Cell Therapeutics Inc BCLI BigSexyTolo 2 $12.79
92 Brookfield Asset Management Inc BAM duongroi, Avaronah 2 $32.32
187 Brookfield Property Partners LP Unit BPY Onarco 1 $11.75
140 Brookfield Renewable Partners LP BEP YourPineapplePunch 1 $45.25
227 Cameco Corp CCJ jh4962772, Commandobolt, 3STmotivation 13 $10.37
109 Canadian Solar Inc. CSIQ MrMineHeads, vvv561 6 $25.32
204 Cardlytics Inc CDLX whossayn, YarManYak 2 $66.28
146 CBS Corporation Common Stock VIAC 1987supertramp 1 $26.21
74 CD PROJEKT S A/ADR OTGLY Thtb 8 $28.50
229 CDW common stock CDW plorfu 1 $114.77
95 CEL-SCI Corporation CVM Golden_Pineapple 1 $12.19
242 Chegg Inc CHGG Boots2243 1 $86.98
36 Cloudflare Inc NET thereisnospoongeek, olliemacg, Boots2243 220 $40.06
80 COLLIER CREEK H/SH CL A CCH RIC_FLAIR-WOOO 5 $13.84
246 Coty Inc COTY NhatNguyen2112 1 $4.00
209 Cresco Labs Inc CRLBF UncleSlippyFist 1 $6.28
3 Crispr Therapeutics AG CRSP emtvaikkajoku 98 $89.81
142 Crown Castle International Corp CCI jkgator 1 $168.19
16 CureVac Pending IPO Tangerinho 8 #N/A
223 CVS Health Corp CVS handsomeandsmart_ 2 $64.96
65 Cyberark Software Ltd CYBR Kevenam 2 $110.59
239 CytoDyn Inc CYDY dufmum 1 $4.79
165 Daqo New Energy Corp DQ stonk_daddy 1 $122.55
241 DexCom, Inc. DXCM InformalAid 1 $440.70
6 Dicerna Pharmaceuticals Inc DRNA earthmoonsun 7 $21.03
73 Digital Turbine Inc APPS toop4 6 $22.59
130 Docusign Inc DOCU h3ku, Teach-101 0 $204.76
185 Draftkings Inc DKNG boomshalock 1 $34.09
39 Drive Shack Inc DS Bobjenkins97 2 $1.65
4 Editas Medicine Inc EDIT earthmoonsun 7 $34.71
145 Edwards Lifesciences Corp EW TheTubbyOlive 1 $76.94
139 EHang Holdings Ltd - ADR EH TheEUR0PEAN 1 $9.21
230 Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp SOLO IHaveUsernameBlock 1 $3.07
118 Elevate Credit Inc ELVT ScoreFuture 1 $2.58
218 Else Nutrition Holdings Inc BABYF PringlesAreUs 1 $1.36
85 Empire State Realty Trust Inc ESRT silverpaw1786 4 $6.66
21 Enphase Energy Inc ENPH deGoblin 31 $72.84
197 Equinix Inc EQIX gce1010 3 $791.70
86 Essent Group Ltd ESNT veggie-man 1 $35.82
235 Etsy Inc ETSY PeskyShart 1 $135.06
84 Fastly Inc FSLY AwesomeMathUse 3 $79.33
93 Federal National Mortgage Association FNMA figbuilding, onkel_axel 2 $2.12
168 Fire & Flower Holdings Corp TSE:FAF tobcar 1 $1.01
207 First Mining Gold Corp FFMGF RecCenterBall 0 $0.41
219 FLIR Systems, Inc. FLIR zerokarma 1 $37.48
52 Fluor Corporation (NEW) FLR lost_searching 2 $11.38
90 FORUM MERGER II/SH CL A FMCI Mug_of_coffee 3 $14.53
81 Franco Nevada Corp FNV AwesomeMathUse 1 $153.57
155 FuelCell Energy Inc FCEL i-kno-nothing, dewaser 2 $2.68
98 Games Workshop Group PLC OTCMKTS:GMWKF MAUSECOP, Thenattylimit 2 $120.95
115 GameStop Corp. GME EmployerOfTheMonth 2 $4.16
200 Gan Ltd GAN emcdeezy22 2 $20.29
159 General Motors Company GM Buttershine_Beta -1 $26.72
251 Genius Brands International Inc GNUS due11 1 $1.59
156 GFL Environmental Inc GFL lenadunhamsbutthole 1 $21.56
99 Gilead Sciences, Inc. GILD Leroy--Brown 1 $69.35
138 GLB X FUNDS/HEALTH & WELLNESS T BFIT Venhuizer 2 $20.69
126 GLB X FUNDS/VIDEO GAMES & ESPORTS E HERO sgtyzi 1 $26.00
186 Golden Minerals Co AUMN YEEEEEAAAAA 1 $0.44
151 Gran Colombia Gold Corp TSE:GCM Linnake 0 $7.46
67 Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (Btc) GBTC asherlevi 2 $13.06
234 Great Panther Mining Ltd GPL Tony0x01 1 $0.93
152 H&R Real Estate Investment Trust HR.UN CaptainCanuck93 0 $10.34
122 Helen of Troy Limited HELE aa341 1 $201.26
55 Hikma Pharmaceuticals Plc HKMPF Marvins-Room 1 $31.08
20 Horizon Therapeutics PLC HZNP thesearchforanswer 3 $76.06
103 Huntington Ingalls Industries Inc HII howtoreadspaghetti 1 $167.90
9 IAC/Interactivecorp IAC dvdmovie1 36 $133.05
61 Ibio Inc IBIO PrairieDogger69 1 $3.80
101 Immunovia AB (publ) IMMNOV jennyther 3 $161.60
108 Ingles Markets, Incorporated IMKTA kimjungoon 1 $42.97
77 Inmode Ltd INMD meta-cognizant, craneman813 4 $31.77
123 Innovative Industrial Properties Inc IIPR Dalis_Ktm 1 $114.63
201 Inseego Corp INSG esoccer141414 1 $12.08
214 Inspire Medical Systems Inc INSP JPINFV2 1 $104.92
134 Intel Corporation INTC ionlypwn, TitanCrasher54, niknikniknikniknik1 5 $48.03
5 Intellia Therapeutics Inc NTLA earthmoonsun 7 $19.83
164 Intuitive Surgical, Inc. ISRG swalloforswallo 2 $685.85
252 INVESCO EXCHANG/SOLAR ETF TAN z74al 2 $51.20
71 InVitae Corp NVTA emtvaikkajoku, CrackHeadRodeo 6 $28.43
228 ISHARES TGLB CLEAN ENERGY ET ICLN drheman25Q 1 $15.88
112 John B. Sanfilippo & Son, Inc. JBSS chris011186 2 $89.24
171 JPMorgan Chase & Co. JPM wrs97 1 $99.38
58 Jumia Technologies AG - ADR JMIA Jerund, souptrades, 7YearOldCodPlayer, CharlieBrown364, fortnitehead 7 $19.26
144 Kaleyra Inc KLR souptrades 1 $5.87
158 KEFI Minerals plc LON:KEFI Scipio-Africannabis- 1 $1.88
216 Kirkland Lake Gold Ltd KL Newusername 1 $52.58
238 Kroger Co KR bxkrish 1 $35.24
2 Lemonade Inc LMND br1ghtness, skkreet, hahadumblloyd 4 $66.84
15 Limelight Networks, Inc. LLNW cyberdex, thug_funnie 3 $6.10
63 Livongo Health Inc LVGO staniel_diverson, Raybay192, Drifter 1996, moveitover 22 $120.88
182 Logitech International SA LOGI CharlieBrown364 1 $73.03
217 LONZA GRP AG/ADR LZAGY Fuck512 1 $62.92
66 Lydall, Inc. LDL Henisockle 1 $20.89
191 Macerich Co MAC skvettlappen 1 $7.85
97 Magnachip Semiconductor Corp MX samtony234 1 $12.08
233 Mamamancini's Holdings Inc MMMB Jayesslee 1 $1.70
88 Match Group Inc MTCH BallinLikeImKobe24 1 $115.88
79 Maverix Metals Inc MMX AwesomeMathUse 1 $4.61
107 Maxar Technologies Inc MAXR Borne2Run 1 $24.74
221 Mediwound Ltd MDWD blueblade408 1 $3.91
34 Mercadolibre Inc MELI pontoumporcento 14 $1,193.97
161 Micron Technology, Inc. MU Wexoch 3 $48.75
253 Microsoft Corporation MSFT TBSchemer 34 $212.48
179 Millicom International Cellular SA(SWE) STO:TIGO-SDB joseph460 1 $245.50
116 Mills Music Trust Unit OTCMKTS:MMTRS ARGENT_UM_PUR 1 $39.00
10 Molson Coors Beverage Co Class B TAP howtoreadspaghetti 1 $37.27
170 Morgan Stanley MS wrs97 1 $50.35
127 Naspers Limited NPSNY Demandredz 1 $34.60
11 Nathan's Famous, Inc. NATH howtoreadspaghetti 1 $51.25
181 NCR Corporation NCR IAMBEOWULFF, fistymonkey1337 4 $20.11
211 NESTLE S A/S ADR NSRGY suburban_robot 1 $118.47
124 New Relic Inc NEWR Dalis_Ktm 1 $53.62
249 New York Mortgage Trust Inc NYMT ToKeepAndToHoldForev 1 $2.77
162 New York Times Co NYT jonhuang 1 $45.61
69 Nio Inc - ADR NIO makesalotofmoney, Carrera_GT, Charlie Brown364 3 $13.42
59 Nokia Oyj NOK perfectriot, LiabilityFree 52 $4.98
37 Novacyt SA ALNOV Snoopmatt 1 $3.60
254 Nuance Communications Inc. NUAN IwantmyMTZ 1 $29.48
13 NVIDIA Corporation NVDA TBSchemer, friedtea15 66 $447.98
198 NVR, Inc. NVR Linnake 1 $3,875.01
154 Okta Inc OKTA Bcr731 3 $208.23
160 Opko Health Inc. OPK CS1026 1 $5.63
100 ORSTED A/S/ADR DNNGY BrentfordFC21 2 $47.37
190 Otonomy Inc OTIC Unlucky-Prize 1 $3.56
46 Oxford BioMedica plc OXB arabidopsis 12 $850.00
121 Pacific Ethanol Inc PEIX adamtejot 1 $2.69
220 Pagerduty Inc PD throthrowth 2 $29.85
25 Pan African Resources plc PAF Fruity_Pineapple 2 $26.30
245 Paradox Interactive AB (publ) OTCMKTS:PRXXF I_worship_odin 1 $24.30
174 Patriot One Technologies Inc PTOTF DanReynolds 1 $0.73
148 Peabody Energy Corporation BTU aviatoraway1 0 $2.52
237 Peloton Interactive Inc PTON loosetingles 1 $68.30
188 Penn National Gaming, Inc PENN Calpool 1 $49.00
87 Pershing Square Tontine Holdings, Ltd NYSE:PSTH-UN 5_yr_lurker 7 $21.08
31 Pharmacyte Biotech Inc PMCB DillieTheSquid 0 $0.01
47 Pinterest Inc PINS EthanPhan 10 $34.98
149 Planet 13 Holdings Inc PLNHF MMatter1 3 $2.67
43 Plug Power Inc PLUG lukwas_ 4 $11.28
147 Polaris Infrastructure Inc RAMPF CaptainCanuck93 1 $11.50
120 Prologis Inc PLD ImPinkSnail 5 $105.07
250 PROSHARES TULTRA MSCI JAPAN EZJ Necessary_Club_6714 1 $32.13
132 PROSHARES TULTRAPRO QQQ TQQQ iggy555, Guiterrezjm6 5 $126.99
48 Proto Labs Inc PRLB JEesSs 3 $130.13
166 Purple Innovation Inc PRPL jloy88, CharlieBrown364, RemiMartin 6 $23.95
44 Raytheon Technologies Corp RTX anon2019L 21 $61.23
210 Razer Inc RAZFF ThatOneRedditBro 1 $0.22
32 Realty Income Corp O bushysmalls 5 $62.72
199 Redfin Corp RDFN shreddit47 8 $43.69
206 RENAULT S A/ADR RNLSY jw8700 1 $5.33
178 Retractable Technologies, Inc. RVP EmreCanPuns 1 $10.18
94 Rigel Pharmaceuticals, Inc. RIGL Gay_Demons 1 $2.58
203 Rite Aid Corporation RAD ManagerMilkshake 1 $15.05
12 Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory, Inc. RMCF howtoreadspaghetti 1 $3.20
163 Schrodinger Inc SDGR TipasaNuptials, asianmarysue, RattleGoreBitcoin 1 $71.17
72 Sea Ltd SE scatterblodded, tradeintel828384839, thug_funnie, Meymo 16 $129.00
215 ServiceNow Inc NOW cookingboy 1 $431.21
189 Shiloh Industries, Inc. SHLO brainbroked 1 $1.40
82 Shopify Inc SHOP AwesomeMathUse -1 $1,053.12
213 Sibanye Stillwater Ltd SBSW marqui4me 1 $11.39
231 Simulations Plus, Inc. SLP hellohi3 1 $65.83
173 SiTime Corp SITM drbh_ 1 $58.92
248 Six Flags Entertainment Corp SIX EthosPathosLegos 1 $18.38
202 Slack Technologies Inc WORK AntwanDixon_ 2 $28.95
51 SmileDirectClub Inc SDC meeni131 3 $9.05
49 Solaredge Technologies Inc SEDG m4r1vs 14 $211.47
27 Sony Corp SNE drorhac 13 $80.03
177 Sorrento Therapeutics Inc SRNE DowJonesLocker 1 $14.42
225 SPARTAN ENERGY /SH SPAQ bigsexy12 1 $12.36
40 Spirit Airlines Incorporated SAVE Matous_Palecek 0 $17.28
153 Spotify Technology SA SPOT _Hard4Jesus 0 $252.12
7 Square Inc SQ cuti95, ConstructivePlayer, Lfastrsx, jercky, CharlieBrown364 21 $147.22
1 StoneCo Ltd STNE GromGrommeta 73 $49.06
104 SunPower Corporation SPWR Hadouukken 1 $11.86
60 Sunrun Inc RUN FactualNeutronStar 2 $46.00
195 Switch Inc SWCH gce1010 1 $18.03
83 Taal Distributed Information Techs Inc TAAL AwesomeMathUse 1 $1.85
76 Taiwan Semiconductor Mfg. Co. Ltd. TSM Paks_12345, sogladatwork, BlissfulThinkr 13 $80.03
102 Tandem Diabetes Care Inc TNDM liao24 1 $104.15
169 Target Corporation TGT Kosher-Bacon 1 $131.75
26 Tesla Inc TSLA Skurinator, goldcakes, redmars1234, Drortmeyer2017 3 $1,452.71
137 TJX Companies Inc TJX princess-smartypants 3 $55.45
18 Toronto-Dominion Bank TD robbierox123 0 $45.77
141 TPI Composites Inc TPIC polwas 1 $28.81
53 Trade Desk Inc TTD all_hail_hypno, Kay312010 6 $493.20
106 TransMedics Group Inc TMDX DropoutEngy 1 $18.05
131 TransUnion TRU AndyCircus 0 $87.38
78 Travelcenters of America Inc TA jk_tilt 1 $17.27
226 Trevena Inc TRVN pacosteles 1 $2.38
243 Trulieve Cannabis Corp TCNNF grphelps1, Cucumber_Cooling 2 $18.83
38 Tupperware Brands Corporation TUP Scumbaggedfriends 1 $14.98
68 Turtle Beach Corp HEAR chancsc11 1 $18.37
62 Twilio Inc TWLO MarconianRex 8 $249.00
41 Uber Technologies Inc Uber DukeBD2021 -1 $32.90
96 Unibail-Rodamco-Westfield SE URW eams66 2 $42.44
125 Universal Display Corporation OLED niknikniknikniknik1 1 $186.51
64 Valero Energy Corporation VLO chickenandcheesefart 1 $52.66
133 Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund Admiral Shares VTSAX WackyBeachJustice 1 $82.67
135 Veeva Systems Inc VEEV JohnSpartans 3 $261.22
193 Ventas, Inc. VTR Unlucky-Prize 1 $41.52
57 VirnetX Holding Corporation VHC vyts18 2 $5.26
172 VMware, Inc. VMW kingbrow2020 1 $142.31
50 VolitionRX Ltd VNRX RiDDDiK1337 1 $3.35
91 Waitr Holdings Inc WTRH exstaticj 1 $5.15
14 Walker & Dunlop, Inc. WD TBSchemer 0 $57.70
167 Walmart Inc WMT anthonyjh21 6 $129.97
30 Walt Disney Co DIS jadenmc2189, biz_student 6 $129.93
192 WELL Health Technologies Corp TSE:WELL Unlucky-Prize, IcemanVish 2 $4.49
105 Wells Fargo & Co WFC yehdhbdjdjd 1 $25.07
240 Westinghouse Air Brake Technologies Corp WAB warman506 1 $67.23
42 Wizz Air Holdings PLC WIZZ Matous_Palecek 2 $3,412.00
157 Workhorse Group Inc WKHS VisionsDB 5 $16.52
89 Xebec Adsorption Inc. XBC Mug_of_coffee 3 $4.95
232 Xpel Inc XPEL Bkazzle 1 $20.06
212 Yeti Holdings Inc YETI boomwhackers 1 $50.40
136 Zagg Inc ZAGG ni_shi_shei 2 $3.98
56 Zoetis Inc ZTS BearBearChooey 19 $158.88
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Wall Street Breakfast: Volatile Week Ends In Quad Witching Session

U.S. equity futures held up overnight following another selloff on Wall Street that was led by major tech names. Contracts tied to the Dow and S&P 500 are hugging the flatline, while Nasdaq futures pared recent losses by climbing 0.6%. Mixed messaging around a potential coronavirus vaccine, as well as the passage of further fiscal stimulus, weighed on the market, while investors are gearing up for consumer sentiment data set for release at 10 a.m. ET. Don't forget that it's also quad witching day, which refers to the simultaneous expiration of market index futures, stock futures, market index options and stock options. "These days tend to get a lot of press for all of the volume they create, but historically they are nearly always a non-event," said Ryan Detrick, senior market strategist at LPL Financial.
Spending deal to avoid government shutdown
While there may be disagreement over another round of coronavirus relief, lawmakers are aiming to unveil a bipartisan spending bill today to avert a government shutdown on Oct. 1. The "clean" legislation, largely devoid of any controversial measures, should keep the government funded into mid-December. "I don't think anybody wants to be responsible for shutting down the government on the eve of an election in the middle of a pandemic, so it's a rare outbreak of common sense on both sides," said Rep. Tom Cole (R., Okla.), a senior member of the House Appropriations Committee.
New round of farm aid
"Starting next week my administration is committing an additional $13B in relief to help farmers recover from the China virus," President Trump announced a campaign rally in Mosinee, Wisconsin. The new aid is the second tranche of money issued as part of the Trump administration's Coronavirus Food Assistance Program. In April, the administration unveiled $19B in relief for the agriculture sector under the CARES Act, including $16B in direct payments to farmers and ranchers and $3B in mass purchases of dairy, meat and produce.
Fed mulls extension of bank dividend curbs
Due to heightened economic uncertainty, the Federal Reserve is considering extending its caps on banks' dividends and stock repurchases for the rest of the year. The U.S. central bank made the announcement along with its release of hypothetical scenarios for the second round of stress tests that it's requiring due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Unlike an earlier round of stress tests this year, the Fed will release the results of the tests for each of the 33 lenders, rather than providing aggregate results for the group.
Sub-zero rates
The Bank of England held its benchmark policy rate at 0.1% on Thursday, but indicated it could cut interest rates below zero for the first time in its 326-year history. While recent domestic economic data has been a bit stronger than expected, it's "unclear how the economy will perform further out," according to the Monetary Policy Committee. Another major risk facing the U.K. economy relates to the post-Brexit trade discussions between the U.K. and the EU, which have recently soured.
Terms of a TikTok deal
The Trump administration spent Thursday reviewing proposals on the TikTok-Oracle (NYSE:ORCL) partnership, which currently has many moving parts. TikTok owner ByteDance (BDNCE) agreed to list the video-sharing app on a U.S. stock exchange, which could happen within a year, though there are still concerns over whether the Chinese parent would be allowed to retain a majority stake in the new company. Meanwhile, shares in China's Tencent (OTCPK:TCEHY) tumbled into the U.S. closing bell following reports that its investments are drawing new national security attention.
Exchange dealmaking
Seeing off competing bids from Deutsche Borse (OTCPK:DBORY) and Switzerland's SIX, the London Stock Exchange (OTCPK:LNSTY) is in exclusive talks to sell Borsa Italiana to France's Euronext (OTCPK:EUXTF). Offloading the Milan stock exchange would help LSE achieve regulatory remedies for its $27B purchase of data provider Refinitiv, which is owned by Blackstone (NYSE:BX) and Thomson Reuters (NYSE:TRI). The deal is politically sensitive in Rome because of concerns about who could take control of Borsa Italiana's bond platform, which handles trading of Italy's government debt.
New COVID-19 restrictions across Europe
Targeted lockdowns and local restrictions are returning to Europe as the region tries to avoid broad economic damage amid a surge in coronavirus cases. "Weekly cases have now exceeded those reported when the pandemic first peaked in Europe in March," the WHO's regional director for Europe Hans Kluge told an online news conference. "Although these numbers reflect more comprehensive testing, it also shows alarming rates of transmission across the region." Pubs and restaurants must shut early and household mixing has been limited in northeast England, while social gatherings of more than six people have been banned across the country. French authorities are meanwhile preparing tighter restrictions in several cities, while Spain's Madrid has moved to "reduce mobility and contacts" in areas with high infection rates. Go Deeper: Israel becomes first developed country to enforce a second nationwide shutdown.
Pandemic closures see restaurants hit the hardest
About 60% of businesses that have closed their doors during the coronavirus pandemic will never reopen, and restaurants have suffered the most, according to new data from Yelp. The National Restaurant Association also said this week that 100,000 restaurants have closed either permanently or long term, adding that the sector is on track to lose $240B in sales this year. A number of factors have made it especially difficult for eateries, which tend to operate on thin margins even in the best of times.
What else is happening...
Unity (NYSE:U) to raise $1.3B in IPO, prices 25M shares above range.
New York files civil charges against J&J (NYSE:JNJ) over opioids.
Walmart (NYSE:WMT) hikes pay for about 165,000 hourly employees.
Dave & Buster's (NASDAQ:PLAY) stumbles on bankruptcy speculation.
Proposed Boeing (NYSE:BA) 737 MAX safety upgrades endorsed by NTSB.
Nat gas tumbles by most in two years after stockpile gain.
Today's Markets
In Asia, Japan +0.2%. Hong Kong +0.5%. China +2.1%. India -0.3%. In Europe, at midday, London -0.2%. Paris -0.3%. Frankfurt +0.1%. Futures at 6:20, Dow flat. S&P flat. Nasdaq +0.6%. Crude +0.9% to $41.34. Gold +0.6% to $1961.40. Bitcoin +1.6% to $11005. Ten-year Treasury Yield flat at 0.68%
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Comprehensive Introduction of Polkadot - the Heterogeneous Sharding

Comprehensive Introduction of Polkadot - the Heterogeneous Sharding
https://preview.redd.it/bgrn6rycyrg51.jpg?width=1200&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=431db2a4586709ee404bebbdb184f30564ea6f1e
Review:
Comprehensive Introduction of Polkadot-Overview (1)
Comprehensive Introduction of Polkadot - Cross-Chain Composability (2)

We mentioned above that Polkadot is like a plug board with the XCMP data transfer protocol. The blockchains inserted in the plug board can transfer data and asset and interoperate across chains. This is Polkadot’s Cross-chain composability.

A friend asked me that in real life, only a few electrical appliances can be plugged into one plug board as plugging in too many appliances may cause fires and explosions as a result of overload. How does Polkadot’s plug board connect unlimited multiple blockchains and maintain the hits per Second (TPS) ) in a high standard.

This is the knowledge to be discussed today: the Heterogeneous Sharding of Polkadot.

1. The Dilemma of Ethereum

The DEFI ecology of Ethereum is widely expected, but its performance problem has always been a flaw. Remember that 18 years ago, Ethereum experienced serious congestion due to the super-popular game CryptoKitties, and the high transfer fees caused by congestion has become the biggest factor restricting the development of DEFI. As more and more DEFI applications are deployed on Ethereum chain, the performance defects of Ethereum have become more and more obvious.

It’s not that Vitalik Buterin is unaware of this problem. There was sharding technology as a solution for a long time. However, as I said in the first article, Ethereum is a building that is nearly completed and it is very difficult to renovate from the foundation. Thus, the sharding technology is lagging behind.

How can the Cryptokitty game crash the entire Ethereum network?

Because Ethereum is like a large computer, many applications can run on it, its performance is limited, and different applications must compete for execution rights.

So once a huge transfer request broke out in a short time from a popular application, the performance of Ethereum will be occupied by this application, causing other applications to be congested.
Look at the picture below to understand:
https://preview.redd.it/g29x7v4q2sg51.png?width=428&format=png&auto=webp&s=cb7f78feaa541038d9327279ee43ed8286f1de04
In this picture, Ethereum is like a business bank. A group of people are queuing to process the business, but as long as there is a very tough guy (CryptoKitties) stand at the door to occupy the Ethereum business (compete for execution rights), then people who are crowded outside (other applications) will not be able to enjoy the resources of Ethereum.

This is the dilemma of Ethereum.

It is a closed ecology. With so many applications competing for execution rights on Ethereum, it is impossible to imagine that if hundreds of millions of people use DEFI applications at the same time in the future, how Ethereum can carry the banner of "world computer"!

2. The Heterogeneous Sharding of Polkadot

Gavin Wood, the former CTO of Ethereum, has seen through all of this a long time ago. He knew that it was impossible to blast on the Ethereum building and restart it. So, he left Ethereum and created Polkadot to realize the cross-chain communication between blockchains with high TPS.

When we buy things in the supermarket, if there is only one cashier, there may be a long line waiting for checkout; if there are two cashiers, the efficiency will be doubled; if there are five cashiers, there may be no need to wait in line. This is the basic logic of sharding. If one person's work is divided among multiple people, the efficiency can be greatly improved.

From the perspective of blockchain:
Before sharding, there is only one ledger book in Ethereum, which can only process 20 transactions per second. When the transaction volume is greater than this number, it needs to queue up and cause congestion.

Sharding is to turn one ledger book into hundreds of ledger books, allowing them to process transactions at the same time.

It is equivalent to Polkadot opening hundreds of banks like Ethereum to handle business. Were you shocked?

In the introduction to Polkadot’s cross-chain composability, I said that all kinds of blockchains can be inserted into slots and become parachains. Even the completed blockchains like Ethereum and Bitcoin, they can also become a member of the Polkadot’s parachains through the parachain bridges.

As shown in the figure below, Polkadot has opened many banks like Ethereum to process business in parallel through relay-chains and parachains.

The DEFI application on Ethereum can be completely independent and become a parachain of Polkadot, so it wouldn't be congested anymore.

You can imagine what impact this trend will have on Ethereum in the future and what it means for Polkadot.

https://preview.redd.it/9xpwbcow4sg51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=85c81f1a0839b4e1eeda7929ac74695b88ffdb64
There is a problem here. If a fishing village, a fruit village, and an Orion village, they all join Polkadot as a parachain. In the past, they used one Ethereum ledger book to keep accounts for three villages and the speed is a bit slow. However, now they are out of Ethereum and changed to use three ledger books separately, then what if the people in the fishing village want to make transactions with the people in the fruit village? They will find that the ledger book has become three books, and they don’t have each other’s’ account information in their respective books.

Remember Polkadot’s XCMP data communication protocol mentioned above? The XCMP protocol is to solve the problem of data communication between ledger books. It is not only for cross-chain, but also for the consistency of the ledger book of Polkadot relay-chain.

Now, someone would ask, "Hey, Joie, supermarkets pay every cashier they hire, would Polkadot hire hundreds of cashiers without paying?"

It is impossible not to pay. To quote the analogy of Bryan Chen co-founder of Acala (Polkadot's first DEFI project):
Ethereum built a server with limited performance, while Polkadot built a computer room. At the beginning, there were only 100 servers. You only need to pay a small rent to rent one of them.

So, there is a cost to become a Parachain of Polkadot. Polkadot’s parachain slot adopts a lease model. Any project that wants to become a parachain must first go through an auction (IPO.) After winning the bidding, the rent for using the parachain slot need be paid by DOT to officially become a parachain of Polkadot. The lease also needs to be renewed after a certain period. The detailed mechanism will be introduced in our later article.

This is Polkadot's heterogeneous sharding. Through heterogeneous sharding, multiple blockchains are connected to a network, allowing them to process transactions in parallel and exchange data between chains, which greatly improves TPS.

3. Unlimited Expansion

What if the performance of the Polkadot relay-chain reaches a bottleneck? It is true that the number of parachains connected by Polkadot's relay-chain is limited. After all, the more blockchains connected, the more complicated the data processed by the XCMP protocol.

In Polkadot’s design philosophy, the relay-chain can not only connect to the parachain, but also connect to the next level of relay-chain. How great it is! Layer upon layer, unlimited expansion, and finally can connect countless blockchains. This is Polkadot's expansibility.

Connecting countless blockchains can still maintain a high TPS. I can no longer describe the power of Polkadot in words.
I can only draw a picture for you to see:

https://preview.redd.it/xt9dvjhf6sg51.png?width=550&format=png&auto=webp&s=b722ec4fd5a1036df0f2eb4fc142c8eeb846b113

It can be said that the release of Polkadot has completely matched or even exceeded the vision of Ethereum 2.0. It is no longer a simple blockchain, but the Internet in the blockchain.


——END


My name is Joie. I am a big fan of Polkadot and I founded the Polkadot New Era community. My Twitter account is @ joieCui, If you support me, you can nominate my node:
15DLJZ4ceN58vEgDiQjK8JsSJuLNBqhUnQ6QCY1QNSjrQntm

I made a website about Polkadot, which will be launched this month, please stay tuned.

Thanks for your support !
submitted by polkadotnewera to u/polkadotnewera [link] [comments]

morning joe

The U.S. State Department has ordered the closure of China's consulate in Houston to protect property and "private information" of Americans as reports came in last night of documents being burned in the compound's courtyard. "We urge the U.S. to immediately withdraw its erroneous decision. Otherwise China will make legitimate and necessary reactions," China's Foreign Ministry declared, as the U.S. dollar surged against the Chinese yuan, breaking the key 7 level. On Tuesday, the DOJ also accused two Chinese hackers of working for the government to steal terabytes of data, including coronavirus research, from Western companies across 11 nations. Go deeper: China may respond by closing the U.S. consulate in Wuhan.
Tensions hit sentiment
S&P 500 futures pulled back 0.4% overnight following the diplomatic flare-up, which adds to concerns over the deteriorating relationship between the economic superpowers. President Trump already dimmed hopes of a Phase 2 trade deal earlier this month, saying the relationship with China had been too badly damaged by COVID-19. Investors are also questioning whether Congress will reach an agreement on the next coronavirus stimulus bill before lawmakers start their summer recess, while Trump warned the pandemic will probably "get worse before it gets better."
Earnings
Two big names are on the radar today as earnings season kicks into high gear. Following a record number of car deliveries earlier in July, Tesla (NASDAQ:TSLA) may report a fourth straight quarterly profit, which could qualify the high-flying stock for inclusion in the S&P 500. Shares have jumped more than 50% this month alone (adding to the stock's more than 3x increase this year), as investors bet on a sudden jump in demand from passive funds that track the benchmark. Don't forget about Microsoft (NASDAQ:MSFT)! Much of the focus will continue to center around its cloud business amid recent trends towards remote work.
Twitter cracks down on 'QAnon' activity
"We've been clear that we will take strong enforcement action on behavior that has the potential to lead to offline harm," the company said via its Twitter Safety account. "In line with this approach, this week we are taking further action on so-called 'QAnon' activity across the service." A Twitter (NYSE:TWTR) spokesperson said more than 7,000 QAnon-related accounts were banned in recent weeks, while the platform limited the distribution of 150,000 others. According to Wikipedia, QAnon is a "far-right conspiracy theory detailing a supposed secret plot by an alleged 'deep state' against U.S. President Donald Trump and his supporters." Last year, the FBI designated QAnon as a potential domestic terror threat.
Abandoning hopes
While U.K. and EU negotiators began the latest round of Brexit negotiations on Monday, the two sides remain deadlocked over fishing rights, level playing field guarantees, governance of the deal and the role of the European Court of Justice. With just days to go until Boris Johnson's deadline for an outline agreement, senior sources told The Telegraph that there is now an assumption that "there won't be a deal." What would happen in that case? The U.K. would leave the bloc on December 31 by following default WTO rules and specific agreements for certain goods. The British government has also abandoned hopes of clinching a U.S. free trade deal ahead of the presidential election in November, with the novel coronavirus outbreak blamed for slow progress.
Record retail trading volumes
Earnings yesterday from some of the biggest publicly traded brokers have highlighted the major jump into retail trading. TD Ameritrade (NASDAQ:AMTD), which is set to be acquired by Charles Schwab (NYSE:SCHW), added a record 661K new funded retail accounts in Q2, surpassing the 608K new accounts during the first quarter. A record 3.4M daily average revenue trades were also noted, more than four times last year's levels and 62% more than the prior quarter. Interactive Brokers (NASDAQ:IBKR), which additionally beat on the top and bottom lines, said its daily average revenue trades increased 111% since the same quarter last year, while customer accounts grew to 867K.
737 MAX may not return until next year
The latest timeline anticipates the FAA won't finish work to lift its March 2019 grounding order until late October or early November because the agency has decided to ask for public comments before finalizing software and hardware changes, WSJ reports. Completing pilot training and maintenance checks is expected to stretch well into December, and only then will the MAX be ready to return to commercial service. That means the jets are expected to be grounded at least as long under current Boeing (NYSE:BA) CEO David Calhoun as under his predecessor, Dennis Muilenburg, who was ousted at the end of 2019 after repeated delays in getting the plane back in the air. BA -1.3% premarket.
Self-driving partnerships
Ending work on autonomous commercial vehicles it began with startup Aurora in 2019, Fiat Chrysler (NYSE:FCAU) has selected Waymo as its exclusive, strategic technology partner for "Level 4" fully self-driving technology across its full product portfolio. The collaboration will start with the Ram ProMaster full-size van, though it's likely to expand given Fiat's expected merger with PSA Group into a company called Stellantis. It's been quite a run for the Alphabet (GOOG, GOOGL) unit. Waymo, considered the leader in autonomous vehicle development, inked another partnership in June with Volvo Cars (OTCPK:GELYY) to develop self-driving electric vehicles designed for ride-hailing.
What else is happening...
Senate committee clears Shelton, Waller for Fed positions.
Apple (NASDAQ:AAPL) pledges to be 100% carbon neutral by 2030.
Best Buy (NYSE:BBY) sales are rebounding as stores reopen.
Tesla's (TSLA) Elon Musk qualifies for another $2.1B payday.
Jamf (JAMF) prices upsized IPO above range at $26.
Tuesday's Key Earnings Coca-Cola (NYSE:KO) +2.3% saying the worst is over. Lockheed Martin (NYSE:LMT) +2.6% topping estimates, raising guidance. Philip Morris (NYSE:PM) +4.2% posting better-than-feared results. Snap (NYSE:SNAP) -6.2% AH on lagging Q2 growth. Texas Instruments (NASDAQ:TXN) +1.3% AH following Q2 beats, upside outlook. United Airlines (NASDAQ:UAL) +1.2% AH expecting to lower cash burn.
Today's Markets In Asia, Japan -0.6%. Hong Kong -2.3%. China +0.4%. India -0.2%. In Europe, at midday, London -0.9%. Paris -1.2%. Frankfurt -0.6%. Futures at 6:20, Dow -0.4%. S&P -0.4%. Nasdaq flat. Crude -1.3% to $41.36. Gold +0.7% to $1856.50. Bitcoin -0.7% to $9351. Ten-year Treasury Yield -2 bps to 0.59%
Today's Economic Calendar 7:00 MBA Mortgage Applications 9:00 FHFA House Price Index 10:00 Existing Home Sales 10:30 EIA Petroleum Inventories 1:00 PM Results of $17B, 20-Year Bond Auction
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Why does WaykiChain (WICC) soar after the start of 2020? With the advent of the bull market, how does WaykiChain perfect their Defi ecosystem and occupy the market?

As a world’s leading blockchain company focused on blockchain’s underlying technology and related ecosystem technology, WaykiChain owns an industry-leading public chain. Relying on the inherent technical advantages of blockchain and its superior R&D strength, WaykiChain is empowered with high-performance transaction processing capabilities (TPS3300), efficient mechanism of consensus (DPoS + pBFT), powerful smart contract, as well as the blockchain ecological decentralized control ability, WaykiChain can provide various major industries and key areas of vertical industry with infrastructure services and industry solutions.
At present, the bottom layer of the WaykiChain public chain has been continuously upgraded and optimized and has achieved significant success. WaykiChain stablecoin WUSD, which is developed on the bottom of the public chain, is one of the important infrastructures of blockchain finance promoted by WaykiChain. It is also continuously improving the potential of decentralized business development.
At 20:00 on February 14th, at the invitation of the “Bull Market Sharing Class”, Gordon Gao, the Co-Founder, and CEO of WaykiChain, made sharing of the theme “ Why does WaykiChain (WICC) soar after the start of 2020? With the advent of the bull market, how does WaykiChain perfect their Defi ecosystem and occupy the market?”
Gordon Gao Background: Gordon Gao, WaykiChain Co-Founder & CEO, an Alumni of Columbia University in New York, former Chief Data Scientist of Fishbowl in Wall Street, ex-Senior Data Analyst of Alibaba Group, a senior member of Mensa International Club, currently serves as WaykiChain CEO. He is responsible for offering support to WaykiChain commercial model designing and strategy planning, building up a digitalized monitor system for products and operation and promoting WaykiChain overseas market with his international background.
The Following is the content of sharing from Gordon Gao:
1.WaykiChain is a third-generation blockchain commercial public chain that aims to build a world-leading public chain brand. How does the performance of WaykiChain compare to other public chains on the market?
Gordon Gao: In terms of performance, WaykiChain’s TPS ranks first with a measured average of 3300 in the world. Besides, our ecological construction in the DApp field and Defi is also gradually perfect. Last year, we introduced more than 20 DApps. Since WaykiChain has launched the Defi platform, it has collateralized over 24 million WICC and issued over USD 1.4 million in WUSD.
2. Recently, WaykiChain(WICC) is well received by Korean investors, and its trading volume has exceeded 70 billion WON. How does WaykiChain achieve such outstanding results?
Gordon Gao: When WaykiChain(WICC) was listed on Bithumb, WICC’s premium was three times the domestic price. Recent market conditions are very good. The maximum price in South Korea is up to 10 times the domestic price.
Our investment in the Korean market has always been very large. As early as 2018 May, WaykiChain Global Conference which was attracted thousands of persons to participate was successfully held in Seoul. After that, we did a lot of publicity around the Korean market, such as the content promotion and SEO promotion of their NAVER search engine. Last year, we also held WaykiChain(WICC) X Huobi Korea Hackathon and offline meetup in South Korea. I have also been invited three times to give speeches and conducting exhibitions at Korean blockchain conferences. And our CTO Richard Chen was invited to interview with the Korean media, which was broadcast by Korean KBS TV station. South Korean users are very impressed with WaykiChain. When WaykiChain held the Hackathon in South Korea last year, a Korean investor came over and told us that he also came to our conference in 2018 and also received gold bars. He told us he was very happy to see our development so that he came to support us this time. When we have this kind of market enthusiasm, it is not unusual for prices to be reflected in the exchange.
3. According to media reports, WaykiChain has a strong technical team and has made a lot of progress in technology development. It has planned a four-public chain version iteration plan. What innovations and breakthroughs has WaykiChain achieved in technology?
Gordon Gao: The current version is WaykiChain public chain v2.0 version (Teng version) that we updated in October last year. We added the decentralized exchange and developed a CDP system at the bottom of the public chain for pledging WICC to get stablecoin WUSD. We developed a 3-token economy model (WICC, WUSD, WGRT) and increased the speed of block generation from 10 seconds per block to 3 seconds per block, which greatly improving user experience. This version lays the foundation for us to achieve decentralized financial functions, and directly implements the three most important functions of Defi at the moment: stablecoin, lending, and DEX.
We are developing the public chain v3.0 version (Hu version) now. In the public chain v3.0 version, we will further improve the performance and scalability of the current decentralized exchange, allowing anyone to publish their own DEX on the chain. Meanwhile, we will introduce WASM to greatly improve the performance and developer-friendly of the virtual machine.
At the same time, in the next public chain version, we will soon launch the WASM virtual machine, which greatly improves the performance of the virtual machine and makes it developer-friendly. Porting virtual machine is a project with high technical difficulty. We learned that several projects ranked among the top 30 in market value are also developing WASM virtual machines. It took us several months to complete the porting of WASM, which fully demonstrates our technical strength. In addition, in the next version, we will provide a decentralized cross-chain solution so that more digital assets can operate in the WaykiChain Defi eco-system.
4. We all know that WaykiChain has conducted in-depth reciprocal visits with the Montenegro government and exchanged views on blockchain technology reform in the field of Montenegro International Trade and Finance. What new knowledge and experiences have you gained through international cooperation? How do these experiences inspire you to give WaykiChain more business value and promote the implementation of decentralized financial applications?
Gordon Gao: Firstly, the government thinks differently from ours. For example, we only consider whether a business model can improve efficiency and reduce costs, but the government will also consider how to coordinate all stakeholders and make a balance. We discussed the issuance of stablecoins with them. If stablecoins are controlled by the central bank and all are on the chain, then the commercial banks below the central bank will not be able to adopt the original method. If addition, currency is issued through leverage, this is a weakening of existing stakeholders and it is difficult to continue. So, both of us are still exploring better solutions, and strive to not only improve efficiency through the blockchain but also meet all existing stakeholders.
Moreover, there is also a shortage of technical talents and human resources in some European countries and regions. They welcome Chinese blockchain teams like us to export technology and solutions to them. This is a very good opportunity for WaykiChain and other Chinese blockchain teams.
Thirdly, the cheap money policy of the European Central Bank can cause huge interest rate differences between European and Asian currencies. This contains huge market space and business opportunities, and the Defi system aims at this.
5. WaykiChain will complete the cross-chain process of BTC and ETH in the first half of 2020, and the mortgage lending system through stablecoin will be launched simultaneously. It is expected that there will be a new round of explosive growth around WUSD’s Pre-IPO business and loans. What is WUSD and what are its uses?
Gordon Gao: WaykiChain WUSD, the first stablecoin developed on Core Layer of the public chain, is issued through over-collateralization with value anchored to USD.
WUSD is the cornerstone of the WaykiChain Defi system. WUSD can be cashed in USDT or fiat currency. In other words, users can pledge their WICC to borrow cash. This principle is the same as a loan from a bank. WUSD can buy WICC or WGRT (governance coin) in WaykiChain DEX. This means that giving leverage to those who hold WaykiChain coins. WUSD can also be used in WaykiChain ecological applications. For example, Huatong Securities provides brokerage services on HK and US stocks to global customers with its unique WUSD-based payment solution which means that opening up the digital currency and traditional financial channels. Also, recently, we plan to launch a new application just like bank demand loans. Users can buy WUSD as wealth management. Of course, there will be derivatives based on WUSD pricing in the future.
6. “Building a decentralized big platform and ecology through community autonomy” is the original intention of WaykiChain, and this is also the big vision of WaykiChain. What difficulties has WaykiChain encountered in building a globally decentralized consensus? How did you overcome these difficulties?
Gordon Gao: At the beginning, we only divided the domestic market and overseas markets. The main job of overseas markets is to publish articles and contents which achieved very little success. The language, culture, social platforms, per capita income, and the cognition level of cryptocurrency vary from country to country. And if we only use online communication, the information is too fragmented to help others understand your project in depth.
After continuous experimentation, we decided to adopt the mode of offline(entering)-online(maintenance). We organized offline meetups and recruited WaykiChain Global Ambassadors. And then, we transferred to online maintenance, which has achieved success.
Now we have organized 10 meetups with our global ambassadors, and have established telegram groups in nearly 20 countries and regions, including South Korea, Iran, Japan, Vietnam, Turkey, Indonesia, and the Philippines, with high daily engagements. The last time I did AMA in our Iranian group, the local media asked some very professional questions which show our Iranian fans have in-depth knowledge of our project. Now, WaykiChain team brings people from different countries to work together and becomes more international.
7. WaykiChain ranks first with a measured average TPS of 3300 (Measured Peak TPS 7800). And WaykiChain launched WUSD which is developed on the bottom layer of the public chain. What convenience and value will this bring to payment and commerce?
Gordon Gao: The Defi system that WaykiChain is going to achieve is a decentralized bank without borders
In daily life, most people go to the bank to do deposits, loans, exchange, buy financial products and so on. These functions are also available on WaykiChain and users can enjoy lower interest rates.
The average deposit rate in Europe is between 0 and 0.3%. However, if we launch the new application of WUSD, Europeans can use fiat currency to buy WUSD and then gain at least 3 points of interest. This part of the interest comes from the mortgage interest paid by the mortgage borrower to the system. This part may be can achieve 6 points or more. In this way, the system also earns a cut of the discount. So, this is a three-win business.
Defi is a business model that enables blockchain companies to truly implement possible commercial application scenarios. For example, Huatong Securities provides brokerage services on HK and US stocks to global customers with its unique WUSD-based payment solution Ordinary people are difficult to open an account to trade Hong Kong stocks in HK exchanges. However, now users can use WUSD to trade and invest HK/US Pre-IPO to make money. The HK Pre-IPO market now has an annualized income of 20–40% on average. Therefore, many people in the WaykiChain community now pledge WICC to generate WUSD and use WUSD to buy Hong Kong and US stocks to make new money. It can not only enjoy the potential appreciation space of WICC but also improve capital utilization.
8. WaykiChain has established a 3-token economic model (WICC / WUSD / WGRT) with more financial stability and scalability. Please introduce this model to us. What are the advantages of the WaykiChain 3-token economic model compared to the common single-token economic model?
Gordon Gao: As the base currency of Defi, WUSD is a stablecoin that is just needed in the investment market for deposits and loans. At the same time, WUSD can also be used as a payment tool, which is much more convenient than using other digital currencies with large volatility.
WaykiChain (WGRT) is our governance coins. All interest generated from borrowing WUSD and the liquidation penalty will be repurchased on the market to destroy WGRT. We don’t use WICC because if we use WICC, it means that the collateralized currency and the risk-proof currency are the same types. This model is the same as the model of BTS. The BTS black swan event has verified that this economic model does not work. Therefore, the emergence of governance coins is inevitable.
9. 2019 can be called “the year of Defi loans”, and 2020 will be the “year of Defi derivatives”, so how will DeFi develop in 2020? What is WaykiChain’s strategy?
Gordon Gao: Defi is definitely still a hot topic in the blockchain industry in 2020. From Huobi BTC(HBTC) which is released by Huobi, it can also be seen that exchanges that do centralized finance are also developing Defi. Loans and deposits are still rigid demands in the market.
Although derivatives have huge business opportunities, their outbreak in the Defi field may not be so fast. Because the market capability and liquidity of Defi are still limited. In addition, cryptocurrency enthusiasts have limited knowledge of derivatives. Now, Defi obviously still has some opportunities and the market is not occupied. For example, Bitcoin-based Defi has not yet been implemented. Of course, the emergence of HBTC promoted the development of Bitcoin-based Defi. However, its specific effects need time to verify. Moreover, Other public chain projects are still in the process of developing Defi. At present, only Ethereum’s Defi business has formed a certain scale, and WaykiChain might be the second-largest Defi platform which is developed on the public chain after Ethereum. Some users from WaykiChain do not own Ethereum, but if they own WaykiChain (WICC), they can also do collateralizing.
Since WaykiChain has launched the Defi platform, it has collateralized over 24 million WICC and issued over USD 1.4 million in WUSD. WaykiChain’s strategy in Defi is mainly to satisfy both supply and demand. Firstly, we will continue to increase the amount of WICC total collateral and expand the issuance of WUSD. Secondly, we will keep working hard to expand and develop commercial application scenarios of WUSD. Finally, we will keep innovating and explore more new products and technology. WaykiChain will continuously make contributions in the world blockchain industry with its leading specialization.
submitted by Vincent_Lionheart to CryptoMarkets [link] [comments]

[Bull Market Sharing Class №273] Why does WaykiChain (WICC) soar after the start of 2020? With the advent of the bull market, how does WaykiChain perfect their Defi ecosystem and occupy the market?

[Bull Market Sharing Class №273] Why does WaykiChain (WICC) soar after the start of 2020? With the advent of the bull market, how does WaykiChain perfect their Defi ecosystem and occupy the market?
https://preview.redd.it/6357r29zl1l41.jpg?width=1200&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=b6f7efa4c13ef8ebc35c0c8757fce31f91ad6f8f
As a world’s leading blockchain company focused on blockchain’s underlying technology and related ecosystem technology, WaykiChain owns an industry-leading public chain. Relying on the inherent technical advantages of blockchain and its superior R&D strength, WaykiChain is empowered with high-performance transaction processing capabilities (TPS3300), efficient mechanism of consensus (DPoS + pBFT), powerful smart contract, as well as the blockchain ecological decentralized control ability, WaykiChain can provide various major industries and key areas of vertical industry with infrastructure services and industry solutions.
At present, the bottom layer of the WaykiChain public chain has been continuously upgraded and optimized and has achieved significant success. WaykiChain stablecoin WUSD, which is developed on the bottom of the public chain, is one of the important infrastructures of blockchain finance promoted by WaykiChain. It is also continuously improving the potential of decentralized business development.
At 20:00 on February 14th, at the invitation of the “Bull Market Sharing Class”, Gordon Gao, the Co-Founder, and CEO of WaykiChain made sharing of the theme “ Why does WaykiChain (WICC) soar after the start of 2020? With the advent of the bull market, how does WaykiChain perfect their Defi ecosystem and occupy the market?”
Gordon Gao Background: Gordon Gao, WaykiChain Co-Founder & CEO, an Alumni of Columbia University in New York, former Chief Data Scientist of Fishbowl in Wall Street, ex-Senior Data Analyst of Alibaba Group, a senior member of Mensa International Club, currently serves as WaykiChain CEO. He is responsible for offering support to WaykiChain commercial model designing and strategy planning, building up a digitalized monitor system for products and operation and promoting WaykiChain overseas market with his international background.
The Following is the content of sharing from Gordon Gao:
1.WaykiChain is a third-generation blockchain commercial public chain that aims to build a world-leading public chain brand. How does the performance of WaykiChain compare to other public chains on the market?
Gordon Gao: In terms of performance, WaykiChain’s TPS ranks first with a measured average of 3300 in the world. Besides, our ecological construction in the DApp field and Defi is also gradually perfect. Last year, we introduced more than 20 DApps. Since WaykiChain has launched the Defi platform, it has collateralized over 24 million WICC and issued over USD 1.4 million in WUSD.
2. Recently, WaykiChain(WICC) is well received by Korean investors, and its trading volume has exceeded 70 billion WON. How does WaykiChain achieve such outstanding results?
Gordon Gao: When WaykiChain(WICC) was listed on Bithumb, WICC’s premium was three times the domestic price. Recent market conditions are very good. The maximum price in South Korea is up to 10 times the domestic price.
Our investment in the Korean market has always been very large. As early as 2018 May, WaykiChain Global Conference which was attracted thousands of persons to participate was successfully held in Seoul. After that, we did a lot of publicity around the Korean market, such as the content promotion and SEO promotion of their NAVER search engine. Last year, we also held WaykiChain(WICC) X Huobi Korea Hackathon and offline meetup in South Korea. I have also been invited three times to give speeches and conducting exhibitions at Korean blockchain conferences. And our CTO Richard Chen was invited to interview with the Korean media, which was broadcast by Korean KBS TV station. South Korean users are very impressed with WaykiChain. When WaykiChain held the Hackathon in South Korea last year, a Korean investor came over and told us that he also came to our conference in 2018 and also received gold bars. He told us he was very happy to see our development so that he came to support us this time. When we have this kind of market enthusiasm, it is not unusual for prices to be reflected in the exchange.
3. According to media reports, WaykiChain has a strong technical team and has made a lot of progress in technology development. It has planned a four-public chain version iteration plan. What innovations and breakthroughs has WaykiChain achieved in technology?
Gordon Gao: The current version is WaykiChain public chain v2.0 version (Teng version) that we updated in October last year. We added the decentralized exchange and developed a CDP system at the bottom of the public chain for pledging WICC to get stablecoin WUSD. We developed a 3-token economy model (WICC, WUSD, WGRT) and increased the speed of block generation from 10 seconds per block to 3 seconds per block, which greatly improving user experience. This version lays the foundation for us to achieve decentralized financial functions, and directly implements the three most important functions of Defi at the moment: stablecoin, lending, and DEX.
We are developing the public chain v3.0 version (Hu version) now. In the public chain v3.0 version, we will further improve the performance and scalability of the current decentralized exchange, allowing anyone to publish their own DEX on the chain. Meanwhile, we will introduce WASM to greatly improve the performance and developer-friendly of the virtual machine.
At the same time, in the next public chain version, we will soon launch the WASM virtual machine, which greatly improves the performance of the virtual machine and makes it developer-friendly. Porting virtual machine is a project with high technical difficulty. We learned that several projects ranked among the top 30 in market value are also developing WASM virtual machines. It took us several months to complete the porting of WASM, which fully demonstrates our technical strength. In addition, in the next version, we will provide a decentralized cross-chain solution so that more digital assets can operate in the WaykiChain Defi eco-system.
4. We all know that WaykiChain has conducted in-depth reciprocal visits with the Montenegro government and exchanged views on blockchain technology reform in the field of Montenegro International Trade and Finance. What new knowledge and experiences have you gained through international cooperation? How do these experiences inspire you to give WaykiChain more business value and promote the implementation of decentralized financial applications?
Gordon Gao: Firstly, the government thinks differently from ours. For example, we only consider whether a business model can improve efficiency and reduce costs, but the government will also consider how to coordinate all stakeholders and make a balance. We discussed the issuance of stablecoins with them. If stablecoins are controlled by the central bank and all are on the chain, then the commercial banks below the central bank will not be able to adopt the original method. If addition, currency is issued through leverage, this is a weakening of existing stakeholders and it is difficult to continue. So, both of us are still exploring better solutions, and strive to not only improve efficiency through the blockchain but also meet all existing stakeholders.
Moreover, there is also a shortage of technical talents and human resources in some European countries and regions. They welcome Chinese blockchain teams like us to export technology and solutions to them. This is a very good opportunity for WaykiChain and other Chinese blockchain teams.
Thirdly, the cheap money policy of the European Central Bank can cause huge interest rate differences between European and Asian currencies. This contains huge market space and business opportunities, and the Defi system aims at this.
5. WaykiChain will complete the cross-chain process of BTC and ETH in the first half of 2020, and the mortgage lending system through stablecoin will be launched simultaneously. It is expected that there will be a new round of explosive growth around WUSD’s Pre-IPO business and loans. What is WUSD and what are its uses?
Gordon Gao: WaykiChain WUSD, the first stablecoin developed on Core Layer of the public chain, is issued through over-collateralization with value anchored to USD.
WUSD is the cornerstone of the WaykiChain Defi system. WUSD can be cashed in USDT or fiat currency. In other words, users can pledge their WICC to borrow cash. This principle is the same as a loan from a bank. WUSD can buy WICC or WGRT (governance coin) in WaykiChain DEX. This means that giving leverage to those who hold WaykiChain coins. WUSD can also be used in WaykiChain ecological applications. For example, Huatong Securities provides brokerage services on HK and US stocks to global customers with its unique WUSD-based payment solution which means that opening up the digital currency and traditional financial channels. Also, recently, we plan to launch a new application just like bank demand loans. Users can buy WUSD as wealth management. Of course, there will be derivatives based on WUSD pricing in the future.
6. “Building a decentralized big platform and ecology through community autonomy” is the original intention of WaykiChain, and this is also the big vision of WaykiChain. What difficulties has WaykiChain encountered in building a globally decentralized consensus? How did you overcome these difficulties?
Gordon Gao: At the beginning, we only divided the domestic market and overseas markets. The main job of overseas markets is to publish articles and contents which achieved very little success. The language, culture, social platforms, per capita income, and the cognition level of cryptocurrency vary from country to country. And if we only use online communication, the information is too fragmented to help others understand your project in depth.
After continuous experimentation, we decided to adopt the mode of offline(entering)-online(maintenance). We organized offline meetups and recruited WaykiChain Global Ambassadors. And then, we transferred to online maintenance, which has achieved success.
Now we have organized 10 meetups with our global ambassadors, and have established telegram groups in nearly 20 countries and regions, including South Korea, Iran, Japan, Vietnam, Turkey, Indonesia, and the Philippines, with high daily engagements. The last time I did AMA in our Iranian group, the local media asked some very professional questions which show our Iranian fans have in-depth knowledge of our project. Now, WaykiChain team brings people from different countries to work together and becomes more international.
7. WaykiChain ranks first with a measured average TPS of 3300 (Measured Peak TPS 7800). And WaykiChain launched WUSD which is developed on the bottom layer of the public chain. What convenience and value will this bring to payment and commerce?
Gordon Gao: The Defi system that WaykiChain is going to achieve is a decentralized bank without borders
In daily life, most people go to the bank to do deposits, loans, exchange, buy financial products and so on. These functions are also available on WaykiChain and users can enjoy lower interest rates.
The average deposit rate in Europe is between 0 and 0.3%. However, if we launch the new application of WUSD, Europeans can use fiat currency to buy WUSD and then gain at least 3 points of interest. This part of the interest comes from the mortgage interest paid by the mortgage borrower to the system. This part may be can achieve 6 points or more. In this way, the system also earns a cut of the discount. So, this is a three-win business.
Defi is a business model that enables blockchain companies to truly implement possible commercial application scenarios. For example, Huatong Securities provides brokerage services on HK and US stocks to global customers with its unique WUSD-based payment solution Ordinary people are difficult to open an account to trade Hong Kong stocks in HK exchanges. However, now users can use WUSD to trade and invest HK/US Pre-IPO to make money. The HK Pre-IPO market now has an annualized income of 20–40% on average. Therefore, many people in the WaykiChain community now pledge WICC to generate WUSD and use WUSD to buy Hong Kong and US stocks to make new money. It can not only enjoy the potential appreciation space of WICC but also improve capital utilization.
8. WaykiChain has established a 3-token economic model (WICC / WUSD / WGRT) with more financial stability and scalability. Please introduce this model to us. What are the advantages of the WaykiChain 3-token economic model compared to the common single-token economic model?
Gordon Gao: As the base currency of Defi, WUSD is a stablecoin that is just needed in the investment market for deposits and loans. At the same time, WUSD can also be used as a payment tool, which is much more convenient than using other digital currencies with large volatility.
WaykiChain (WGRT) is our governance coins. All interest generated from borrowing WUSD and the liquidation penalty will be repurchased on the market to destroy WGRT. We don’t use WICC because if we use WICC, it means that the collateralized currency and the risk-proof currency are the same types. This model is the same as the model of BTS. The BTS black swan event has verified that this economic model does not work. Therefore, the emergence of governance coins is inevitable.
9. 2019 can be called “the year of Defi loans”, and 2020 will be the “year of Defi derivatives”, so how will DeFi develop in 2020? What is WaykiChain’s strategy?
Gordon Gao: Defi is definitely still a hot topic in the blockchain industry in 2020. From Huobi BTC(HBTC) which is released by Huobi, it can also be seen that exchanges that do centralized finance are also developing Defi. Loans and deposits are still rigid demands in the market.
Although derivatives have huge business opportunities, their outbreak in the Defi field may not be so fast. Because the market capability and liquidity of Defi are still limited. In addition, cryptocurrency enthusiasts have limited knowledge of derivatives. Now, Defi obviously still has some opportunities and the market is not occupied. For example, Bitcoin-based Defi has not yet been implemented. Of course, the emergence of HBTC promoted the development of Bitcoin-based Defi. However, its specific effects need time to verify. Moreover, Other public chain projects are still in the process of developing Defi. At present, only Ethereum’s Defi business has formed a certain scale, and WaykiChain might be the second-largest Defi platform which is developed on the public chain after Ethereum. Some users from WaykiChain do not own Ethereum, but if they own WaykiChain (WICC), they can also do collateralizing.
Since WaykiChain has launched the Defi platform, it has collateralized over 24 million WICC and issued over USD 1.4 million in WUSD. WaykiChain’s strategy in Defi is mainly to satisfy both supply and demand. Firstly, we will continue to increase the amount of WICC total collateral and expand the issuance of WUSD. Secondly, we will keep working hard to expand and develop commercial application scenarios of WUSD. Finally, we will keep innovating and explore more new products and technology. WaykiChain will continuously make contributions in the world blockchain industry with its leading specialization.
submitted by Waykichain to WICCProject [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Manipulation Theory

I have a pretty crazy theory that I want to share but hopefully I won't break the record for downvotes in the process.
I have been thinking for a while that something seems suspicious about the way the market has been moving lately. Isn't it strange how most of the coins pumping are all "cheap" as in they are less than $10 per coin? Isn’t it strange how the crypto market cap grew by $58 billion today, but Bitcoin’s market cap did not change at all? Then I had a realization. What if everyone is being played by a greater power. If you don’t like conspiracy theories stop reading now.
Everyone has been justifying the altcoin surges as Bitcoin taking a rest and dumb money chasing “cheap coins”, but what if it is actually institutional investors using alt coins in order to accumulate Bitcoin. It makes a lot of sense. If you look at the dates the surges started
The futures trading press release went out on December 1, but what if some people knew that it would be approved ahead of time? If you are an investor with deep pockets you have a problem. You want to be able to bet on Bitcoin’s future price, but you don’t own enough Bitcoin to be able to manipulate the market (it is much easier to gamble when you control the outcome). You need a way to accumulate. Articles start to hit the press about how a small group of whales control a huge amount of the supply of Bitcoin and that makes it dangerous, etc. Big players are trying to convince people that Bitcoin is not a safe investment. Lots of bubble talk spreads. Jim Cramer says you are better off going to Vegas than buying Bitcoin. It doesn‘t scare the public away.
These investors are usually the ones who get first stab at new assets. They get to invest early in companies, they get first stab at IPO shares when a company goes public, but with Bitcoin they are late to the party. How are they going to accumulate? They aren’t stupid. They realize that driving the price of Bitcoin down too much to buy cheaper will scare people away from the market, and there is a limited amount of downside (it can only go as low as $0), but there is an infinite amount of upside. They also don’t own enough Bitcoin to crash the market that far. So what do they do?
The answer is: find alt coins that are “cheap”. They know that if someone has to choose between a $15,000 dollar coin and a $1 coin they will choose the $1 coin every time. It is a psychological thing. Everyone just looks at the price and believes that $1 coin can also go to $15,000 one day. So if institutional money starts to buy up huge amounts of these “cheap coins” and gets the general public on board, they can then accumulate huge amounts of Bitcoin without the Bitcoin price changing at all because alt coins trade against Bitcoin! If you want to quadruple the amount of Bitcoin you have, it is much easier to pump up a smaller coin and sell it, than it is to drive down the Bitcoin price 4x to accumulate more for the same amount of USD.
Take a look at some of the headlines lately. I suspect the press releases are also coordinated:
In addition to these alt coin surges, every time Bitcoin looks like it is going to break out a new sell wall appears and some market selling into the buys begins to drive the price back down. To me this is a very well executed effort to hold down Bitcoin’s price while accumulating more by pumping alts. I noticed earlier today a $1 million buy wall on XLM that was moving up as the price increased. Is that how a normal person would buy up XLM? It is possible, but I doubt it.
I know it seems wild, but if this theory is correct then it means at some point there will be a pretty fantastic dump with alt coins and a giant surge for Bitcoin.
Of course, I could also just be thinking crazy thoughts.
Also on steemit: https://steemit.com/bitcoin/@ccampbell/bitcoin-manipulation-theory
submitted by craigc123 to BitcoinMarkets [link] [comments]

How To Recover All The Funds If We Can Just Raise $3.5m

My fellow affected users,
I believe at this point, our hopes from the legal process will see recoveries of 5-10% of the total funds. That's still a lot of recovered money, but it's also meaning that most affected users are still losing 90-95% of their funds. For me, this is my single largest financial loss. Many people on here have lost a lot more money, or are affected in serious ways.
I feel a profound sense of duty to help in any way I can. Below is a detailed process (modified version of my last proposal to fix a number of issues pointed out by other Reddit users) which should provide an opportunity to recover all of the lost funds over time. It can be executed now for $3.5m, and of that at least $2m will go right back to affected users within the first year. We have about $200m at stake here, individual users have lost $50m in some cases. It's hard for me to believe that we as a community couldn't pull together these funds.
All of this could be accomplished by purchasing the exchange assets and managing them ourselves in a specific manner. Here's a budget breakdown:
All of these costs add up to $3m and would be expected to purchase and enable the exchange to operate for one full year (12 months). As some costs may not be fully accounted for or unexpected costs can arise, it is recommended to set the funding target at $3.5m.
Raising this money is no easy task. I only have a few recommendations:
Once the funding is completed, the exchange development process would proceed.
Similar ideas have been tried and worked out successfully:
I feel very strongly in doing everything I can to help this situation achieve the best possible outcome. There is a great opportunity here. If we want to proceed with this, we need to build a team and raise the initial capital. I'm happy to help in any way I can, but I can't do this alone. We need some people to sign onto it who can see the potential and are serious about making it happen.
Thank you very much for reading and your support or feedback of this idea.
submitted by azoundria2 to QuadrigaCX [link] [comments]

How to make and lose $2b on blockchain

Source: https://www.afr.com/business/energy/how-to-make-and-lose-2-billion-on-blockchain-20181212-h1914w

In the wild world of blockchain pioneers, Power Ledger founder Jemma Green is a rock star.

The former investment banker oversaw the biggest initial coin offering in Australian history, was chosen as EY's fintech entrepreneur of the year, and won an international start-up competition overseen by Sir Richard Branson. She even stepped in as Perth's mayor last year.

Her two-and-half-year-old company promises to revolutionise the global power industry. Power Ledger's blockchain tokens, an unregulated, computer-based form of money, allow individuals to trade electricity between themselves, save money and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.


Power Ledger founder Jemma Green won the Extreme Tech Challenge in 2018, which was judged at Richard Branson's private island in the Caribbean. Supplied

Green created a virtual currency worth more than $2 billion at its peak. Yet her trading system has a tiny take-up, was rejected by the one big electricity retailer that tested it, and a government-funded trial hasn't met the expectations of some involved.

Over-hyped?
Now, some experienced tech and green-industry figures are posing an awkward question: does Power Ledger epitomise the over-hyping of blockchain?

"I'm a software engineer by training, have been mucking about online for 35-plus years and am an energy geek," says Melbourne green-energy investor Simon Holmes a Court. "I still don't understand what valuable problem they are trying to solve.

"The basic infrastructure to manage transactions at massive scale already exists – [there's] no need to use Blockchain."

Blockchain, which is the basis for Bitcoin and similar currencies, was invented in 2008 by an unknown person. Despite billions invested in the technology, it is unclear if there are any profitable blockchain businesses not directly involved in cryptocurrencies.

"We've seen a bunch of profitable blockchain applications, but all have been focused on obtaining and trading crypto and their profitability is generally linked to prices – think miners, exchanges and wallet providers," says John Henderson, a venture capitalist at AirTree Ventures.

The blockchain frenzy
Part of blockchain's popularity is as much ideological as financial. Encrypted databases spread around the internet, controlled by no one, blockchains represent a technological rebellion against the centralisation of economic power in governments and central banks, whom many hold responsible for global financial crisis.

"Blockchain has been seen as a nirvana – its ideological roots are decentralisation and removal of institutions," says Peter Williams, a partner at Deloitte Consulting who specialises in technology. "The zealots are into self-sovereign ID, everything decentralised and the end of institutions."

Last year, the blockchain enthusiasm drove a global investment wave. Some 1225 initial coin offerings, the blockchain-equivalent of IPOs or sharemarket floats, raised $US7.5 billion through the sale of blockchain tokens or coins, much of it from individual investors, according to the ICO Data website. The technology was predicted to change dozens of industries, from shipping to healthcare.

In Australia, Green was at the forefront of the movement. Her company promised to apply blockchain's anti-authority ethos to challenging big electricity monopolies.

@elonmusk I am told you might be interested in us at @PowerLedger_io we do blockchain energy for democratisation of power & citizen utilies

— Dr Jemma Green (@msjemmagreen) September 15, 2017
Green had been in London for 11 years. After starting as a trading assistant at the Royal Bank of Scotland, she joined JP Morgan, where she assessed the environmental and social risk of new loans and shares.

Going places in Perth
In 2013 she returned to Perth, where her father had bred and trained racehorses. She began to ascend the city's business and social hierarchy.

Green enrolled in a PhD at Curtin University, consulted under the brand The Green Enterprise, and ran for the City of Perth council. She joined the advisory board of One Million Women, a female climate change group based in Sydney.

Within four years she was deputy mayor and head of one of the Perth's hottest start-ups. She was tweeting Elon Musk, trying to get him interested. (He didn't reply.) "The motto that I live by is 'anything's possible'," she said at the time.

Why @elonmusk Has His Eye On This Aussie #Blockchain #Energy Company @PowerLedger_io #ICO #POWRtoken

— Crypto Guru 2018 (@ICO_Market_Guru) October 6, 2017
Green had hatched a plan worthy of her motto: cash in on the bitcoin boom by creating one billion virtual-currency tokens.

Her pitch was almost impossible for outsiders to understand. The ambition was unmistakable.

"The Power Ledger Platform is a trustless, transparent and interoperable energy trading platform that supports an ever-expanding suite of energy applications, with an exchangeable frictionless energy trading token, Sparkz," Power Ledger's 28-page company manifesto said.

Sounds like an IPO
It sounded like an IPO. It wasn't. Instead, the tokens gave investors the right to use Power Ledger's technology at some point in the future. The weren't entitled to any profits.


In Power Ledger's market individuals use blockchain tokens to buy and sell electricity generated from solar panels. Vicky Hughson

Most companies raising capital use stockbrokers or bankers. Power Ledger turned to what are known in the blockchain world as "bounty hunters".

One-and-a-half million POWR tokens were set aside for individuals to promote the sale on social media. Dozens of newspaper and blog articles were published. The Huffington Post profiled the company and compared blockchain with the early internet.

Articles exaggerated Power Ledger's achievements. The company was often described as operating a retail electricity market, and sounded liked an eBay or Amazon for solar power. In reality, it was building the technology and didn't have a commercial market operating.

Twitter was flooded with posts. Some claimed Musk had asked the company for advice. Fake accounts were rewarded with POWR tokens for their promotional work.

"Some of our bounty group were professional bounty hunters chasing tokens because it's what they do," Power Ledger said in a post a few weeks after the token sale. "Some were bots reporting an astounding 5000 likes of our social media output in a single 24-hour period."

Transparency needed
The Australian Securities and Investments Commission disapproves of people spruiking investments without disclosing their interest.

"Certainly in my view it is not good practice for individuals to be promoting ICOs and receiving a benefit if they are not transparent about the benefits they are receiving," says John Price, an ASIC commissioner.

Peter Williams, the Deloitte partner, goes further. These are "classic market manipulation techniques," he says.


Some experienced tech and green-industry figures are posing an awkward question: does Power Ledger epitomise the over-hyping of blockchain?

Asked why Power Ledger used bounty hunters, Green says she isn't familiar with the phrase. "I don't know what you are talking about," she says.

Later, in an email, Greens says Power Ledger, unlike some other blockchain companies, works hard to be transparent. "We ran the ICO through a corporate structure, through our proprietary limited business," she says. "We have tax exposure. We had a proof of concept before going to market. And we did all of those things because we realise we need to bring legitimacy to our space and the ICO and crypto space more generally."

Perfect timing
In almost perfect timing, Power Ledger raised $34 million a couple of months before bitcoin peaked. No other Australian blockchain company was as popular.

Initially, the tokens were a great investment. Sold by Power Ledger for US8.38¢ each, within five weeks they were trading at $US1.79. In a year and half, a company with fewer than 30 staff had created $2.4 billion in wealth.

Tokens allocated to Green, other private investors and key staff were worth $360 million. The former traders' assistant had been hit by what is known in the tech circles as the "money truck".

Green became a bona fide tech celebrity. She turned up at the World Economic Forum in Davos to help launch the Global Blockchain Business Council. EY named Green as one of its entrepreneurs of the year.

The accounting firm had fast-tracked her through the process. Contenders in other categories were required to go through applications, interviews, presentations over many months. Green's name was simply forwarded to the judges with a few others.

A market that doesn't exist
The adulation was based on Power Ledger's home-to-home trading idea, which it says is "perfect for any household, office or retailer connected to the electricity grid".


Blockchain CEO David Martin with chairman Jemma Green at their Perth office. The company issued blockchain tokens worth $2.4 billion at their peak. Trevor Collens

But the system doesn't operate outside a few pre-established trials that cover a tiny number of people. The low-cost of electricity, the ubiquity of supply and efficient exiting payment systems pose significant obstacles, critics say.

There is no way to sign up to Power Ledger's trading system. Electricity companies are needed – the Power Ledger website urges consumers to lobby them – but Origin Energy carried out a simulation and decided not to go ahead.

Asked how many buildings around the world use Power Ledger's system, Green says, "I don't know exactly off the top of my head".

Her CEO, David Martin, says the number is less than 100. All are trial sites, except for three Perth apartment buildings that were part of Green's PhD thesis. "We have never said that anyone can get on and start trading," she says.

Uneconomic trading
The government has provided $2.6 million to test the system out on some 40 houses in Fremantle. The project is billed as the first electricity market where residents can set their own prices. It is a chance for Power Ledger to fulfil its core promise to generate higher prices for solar power producers and lower prices for consumers – the classic example of an efficient market.

One participant, who asked not to be named, says the trading system isn't worth using. A former manager in the energy industry, she her own solar panels and electric car. She sells electricity to the grid for 7¢ per kilowatt, and buys it for 26¢ per kilowatt.

Using Power Ledger, she expected to trade electricity with her neighbours between 7¢ and 26¢, saving both sides money. Power Ledger takes a cut of about half a cent a kilowatt.

But the local electricity retailer and power grid, Synergy and Western Power, charge a connection fee of $3 a day to trial participants. The overhead makes trading uneconomic for her.


Initially, the tokens were a great investment. Sold by Power Ledger for US8.38¢ each, within five weeks they were trading at $US1.79. In a year and half, a company with fewer than 30 staff had created $2.4 billion in wealth.

"I was quite disappointed because I find the idea of energy trading very exiting and I really wanted to experiment with it," she says.

The project's manager, Karla Fox-Reynolds of Curtin University, says other houses are buying and selling. "They are feeling empowered and enabled to participate in the energy market," she says. The project is advertising for more recruits.

'The road is not always straight'
Any criticism about Power Ledger's small take-up rate is unfair, Green says, because it is such a young company. "The road is not always straight," she says. "I think the value of it over time will be immeasurable."

Even some blockchain boosters are sceptical. Fred Schebesta, who owns a cryptocurrency broker, says he can't see what would drive the token price up.

"I think that they will need millions or hundreds of thousands [of customers] to be viable or really take off," he says. "The value of the token holders is not well aligned to the value of the business."

Now the bitcoin boom seems to have passed, many tech industry leaders are questioning if the ICOs were an investment fad that shifted wealth rather than created it.

​"The ICO craze is and was way worse than the dot-com boom, where capital raised was at least a share of the upside and was subject to regulation," says Williams, the Deloitte partner.

After spectacularly peaking in January, POWR tokens crashed with the rest of the bitcoin market. Today they trade around 6.5¢, about 20 per cent below their issue price.


Skeptics question if blockchain is needed in the retail electricity industry, where big networks have scale, ubiquity and easy payment options. Supplied

The company continues to reward bloggers who promote the virtual currency. One of the boosters is a price-comparison website, Finder.com.au, whose owner invests in cryptocurrencies.

"Power Ledger is an ambitious project but one that nonetheless has the potential to transform the energy industry around the world," one of the site's contributors, Tim Falk, wrote last month.

Falk, who recently wrote about 2018's top carpet cleaners, has punted on POWR tokens himself.



submitted by InfiniteAttempt to PowerLedger [link] [comments]

Meet the Venture Capitalist Whose Childhood in Communist Bulgaria Led Her to Embrace Silicon Valley

Dafina Toncheva’s journey to Silicon Valley has been anything but ordinary.
She grew up in Bulgaria (like me!) during a turbulent time of change when the country was struggling to emerge from communism. Although her parents were doctors, they each earned only $150 a month.
Toncheva spent summers with her grandparents on their tobacco farm where they would pick tobacco leaves and work the land. “As you can imagine, it was just very manual, labor-intensive, and unpleasant work,” she said.
But it was on that farm where her grandmother gave her advice that Toncheva would carry with her as she immigrated to the United States, graduated from both Harvard and Stanford, and entered the cutthroat world of venture investing. Her grandmother said, “If you don’t want to make a living with your hands, you need to invest in your brain.”
“Her advice ultimately help me grow into an independent, self-sufficient, and self-reliant adult,” Toncheva said. “And those are also the qualities I look for in the founders I back.”
Toncheva moved from Bulgaria to the United States in 1998 on a full scholarship to Harvard University. From there, she worked at Microsoft as a software engineer, went on to get an MBA from Stanford, and joined Venrock for her first job in venture capital. She became the first institutional investor in Cloudflare, a San Francisco-based network performance and cybersecurity firm that just went public.
Toncheva has spent the last seven years investing in cybersecurity and enterprise software companies at early-stage investment firm U.S. Venture Partners. Last week, she was promoted to general partner. I recently caught up with Toncheva about all of this and more.
Below is our conversation.
TERM SHEET: When you were 15 years old, you created a peanut business that generated more revenue than the combined income of your parents. Tell me about that.
TONCHEVA: I was born in a communist country, but my formative years were spent in a country that was trying to define itself, embrace capitalism, and open up to the world. It was a very turbulent time after [communism fell in] 1989 socially, politically, and economically.
There were entrepreneurial-minded people who tried to take advantage of the change by starting businesses. Many people around us were opening small mom-and-pop shops — except for my parents. They were doctors and they felt very limited by their careers. So I remember thinking, “It’s kind of unfair that my parents spent so much of their lives studying, investing in their careers, and being good at what they do, yet we’re still barely making ends meet.” I wanted to help, so I decided to try and start something on my own. What entrepreneurship started to mean to me was courage, expression of freedom, creativity, and growth. It had this very noble, very positive connotation in my mind.
So I started buying raw peanuts from local farms, and I began roasting them, packaging them, and selling them through wholesale retailers to restaurant chains. I created a real operation that was powered by me and my younger brother. With that very basic business, I made more money than my parents combined. That was the beginning of my self-sufficiency and independence that my grandmother always talked about. It was both exciting, but also disillusioning in some ways to know that I can make more money than my parents with a lot less education and experience.
Why did you decide to immigrate to the United States?
One of the things that was so defining for me in my childhood was that my parents valued education, ethics, persistence, and commitment to personal growth. My mother was an ENT (ears, nose, and throat) surgeon, and my father was a neurologist, yet they still barely made ends meet as a family. That was the reality of communism — where everyone was supposed to be equal — that made no sense to me. I knew I didn’t want my life to end up like that.
During that time of change in post-communist Bulgaria, many people of my generation saw the U.S. as the symbol of meritocracy and the victory of capitalism. It was a very natural place for me as a teenager who wanted to build a better life to end up, but getting to the U.S. was very difficult.
The person who opened my eyes to studying in the States was a young American volunteer who was teaching English in my hometown. Through him, I learned that I could apply to schools in the States, that they give financial aid to foreigners, and that it’s a real possibility. It was a long process, but I ended up contacting over 100 schools. I asked all of them to waive the application fee, and I applied for financial aid at every single school. I was very lucky to get into 12 schools on full scholarship.
So I moved here in 1998, started at Harvard, and studied computer science even though I had never owned a computer and was very clearly behind all of my classmates. I thought technology was a growing market, and there was a real need for software engineers. I worked the whole time while I was at Harvard as a teaching assistant, later did internships with Microsoft during the summers, and ultimately, ended up working for Microsoft as a software engineer in 2002.
You mentioned capitalism. There’s increasingbacklash against capitalismwith critics saying it needs a major overhaul to better serve society. Given your experience growing up in a country where you witnessed the effects of communism, do you think capitalism needs to be reformed?
I firmly believe that we live in the best place in the world, and I say that unapologetically. That being said, I also realize that we have some challenges we need to work through.
I love capitalism. It might not be perfect, but it’s the best out there. Having lived through communism and some forms of post-communist socialism, I just can’t imagine that system being a great alternative. Just the thought of communism and socialism depresses me. I envision it as this bleak world devoid of creativity and self-expression with no pursuit of self-improvement. It’s a dead end, it really is. I get scared hearing about people’s fascination with socialism because those are typically people who have never experienced it first-hand. It’s very theoretical for them.
It’s just a different feeling for people who have lived through it and experienced it first-hand. I’m sure your parents also have some strong opinions about communism.
My dad, especially. He recently told me a story about getting in trouble at school because he wrote “USA” on his bookbag when Bulgaria was still under communism.
I’m not surprised at all. In Bulgaria, “USA” stood as a symbol for capitalism and a better life for many, many years.
On the other hand, capitalism has left many people disillusioned. The equality gap is wide and widening, and it’s become a vicious, reinforcing cycle. I have to say I do appreciate the discussions going on especially by capitalists like Ray Dalio and Jamie Dimon who talk about ways to create more upward mobility. I think these are good discussions to be had, and it’s a way to evolve capitalism with the times.
How did you end up in venture capital?
I spent four years at Microsoft as an engineer and a product manager. There, I worked on security products and then decided to go to business school. I attended Stanford, and that’s how I ultimately ended up in venture capital. Toward the end of my second year, I was introduced to Venrock, where I was focused on helping the team source investment opportunities in enterprise software and cybersecurity.
While you were at Venrock, you led the first institutional investment round in Cloudflare,which just went public. What did you see in the company and the team that gave you the confidence to back them so early?
I invested in Cloudflare exactly 10 years ago. There were three things that stood out to me. They were going after a really painful problem, which was that 50% of traffic is not authentic. It could be malicious. They were going after a customer group which was completely ignored, which was the long tail of the web. They said they would build a service that cleans up traffic to web properties from the long tail of the web — and they would do it for free and find other ways to monetize the business. That was very counterintuitive to how most security companies think. Most security companies would build a product or service and try to sell it to the biggest customers — the ones that have the biggest budgets. It was very contrarian what they were trying to do, but at the same time, it made a lot of sense.
The team was thoughtful, persistent, and they had a clear vision around what they wanted to build. I just had a lot of faith in them that they would execute, and I’m really happy with how far they’ve come on this journey. Seeing them go public made me feel validated in my belief in them from Day 1 when they didn’t have anything — they didn’t have a single line of code.
For me, it starts with the founders and how clear and persistent they are in their vision. It really is a character judgment that’s very difficult to explain, but it’s one of the most important aspects of early-stage investing.
How do you tell if an entrepreneur is a true visionary or just completely delusional?
It’s really hard. I think the same person can be both, and probably many of them are both, so it’s very difficult to distinguish between the two. I think the ability to execute is so important, and that’s where the distinction lies. Successful founders stand out in their ability to perform and execute.
I also value transparency, honesty, respect for the facts, and self-awareness. I think a grasp for reality and pragmatism has to be there. If those things aren’t there, it’s almost impossible to work collaboratively with the team.
What sector or company are you most excited about right now?
I work on several areas at USVP focused on the enterprise tech space, but the one I feel most excited about is cybersecurity. I think security problems and security threats evolve faster than issues in almost any other industry. Security threats are aggressive, they evolve really fast, and their mutations are almost infinite. Because of those dynamics, cybersecurity is a very challenging problem to solve.
Technologies become obsolete very quickly, and innovation cycles have to be very rapid. Even in the worst of times when budgets get cut for everything else, cybersecurity budgets continue to grow 10% year over year. That makes it a very attractive market for me to continue investing in.
What do you think about emerging assets like Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies? Have you invested in any blockchain companies?
We have not made any investments in Bitcoin or blockchain technology. It’s an area I’m following closely and studying, but I don’t feel prepared to make investments in it just yet. There are definitely opportunities in the infrastructure building in that ecosystem to make investments. But I also think as an industry, it’s still in Version 1. There will be more iterations and more opportunities for investors to play in that space in the future.
Do you think blockchain technology could have implications for cybersecurity?
For sure. I think blockchain as a technology could be quite interesting when applied to security, and also the other way around: Security is a very important consideration for the existence and acceptance for the growth of those assets. Security is a foundational layer and it has to be figured out before [crypto assets] become broadly adopted by the mainstream.
It’s been a little more than 10 years since you started in venture capital. How has the ecosystem changed since 2008 and 2009, and how important do you think capital efficiency is in a world of seemingly unlimited funding?
It’s incredible how much things have changed in 10 years. When I started, there were only a handful of seed funds, and now, there are hundreds of seed funds on one end of the spectrum. On the other end of the spectrum, the large funds have become even larger. The abundance of capital on the late-stage is just enormous. As a result, we’re seeing inflating late-stage company valuations, companies staying private longer, and massive IPOs by the time they go public.
In a time of abundant capital, capital efficiency has become even more important. I think capital efficiency is ultimately freedom. It gives you choices. It gives you options. It gives entrepreneurs the freedom to operate and not be imprisoned by their burn rate. Bigger funds talk a lot about growth at all costs and very rarely mention capital efficiency. I think efficient and responsible growth is way more important in the long-term. We’re starting to see some of that with companies going public that are wildly unprofitable. Public investors don’t seem to agree that the growth at all costs is the most important factor in determining whether a business is successful.
Speaking of going public, Snap CEO Evan Spiegelrecentlysaid that going public was a very challenging experience. One specific thing he said that’s made a big difference is being more transparent with investors by providing quarterly guidance. How do you see some of these private companies that are used to keeping things quiet adapt to the more transparent nature of the public markets?
Different companies have different boards with different expectations. It’s not as strict or clear cut as it is in the public markets. I have noticed that when a company is doing well and growing rapidly, private investors tend to forgive more. They tend to become less vigilant, while public investors are a lot more strict and much less forgiving.
It’s a different mindset, so it really depends on what type of private board a company has been accustomed to. There are private boards that are just as demanding and detail-oriented as public investors. But for some, being public may come as a complete shock when the CEO realizes there’s a whole new way of doing things now.
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The Bitcoin Group #188 - Coinbase ETF - Goldman Sachs - CNBC - Iran - Bitmain AsicBoost The Bitcoin Group #197 - BitMain IPO No Go - EU Copyright Nightmare - Vitalik goes Political XRP Investment And Ripple Pre-IPO Ownership The Bitcoin Group #208 - Bitcoin Price 2020 - Taproot/Schnorr - HexExit - Elon Musk’s Favorite

The strange IPO of Jonathan Rowland’s “bitcoin bank” ... that he was offered 10% of the share capital of Fibermode Limited. Mode Global refutes each of these claims in the strongest of terms ... Bitcoin miner Bitcoin Group Limited has lodged another prospectus with the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), in a move that postponed the planned initial public offering of the company on ASX again. The latest prospectus (Second Replacement Prospectus) was filed on December 24, 2015. It includes: Bitcoin Press Release: Crypto exchange INX, which recently launched its security token initial public offering (IPO), has crossed the minimum $7.5 million threshold imposed by the U.S. Securities ... Bitcoin Group pulled up for pre-IPO chatter. ASIC has issued a stop order prohibiting Australian bitcoin company Bitcoin Group from publishing any statements concerning its intention to list ... Bitmain Technologies Ltd is reportedly resurrecting plans for an initial public offering (IPO), according to sources close to the company. The news came on the back of a new high for Bitcoin in 2019, just before it broke the psychological USD 10,000 barrier today.

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The Bitcoin Group #188 - Coinbase ETF - Goldman Sachs - CNBC - Iran - Bitmain AsicBoost

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